Synopsis: Lowest Minimum Top Weight – Lowest
Minimum Bottom Weight – Weight Range of Each Class – Overlapping of Weights 
Equalizer of Weights per class between Consecutive Classes – Promotion and
Demotion of horses from one class to another  Weights as related to ratings on
a Constant scale of Rating related class and Weights –Ready reckoner of rating
related class and Weights  Weights Raised  Weights Lowered – Actual weights
carried –Weight for age scale – Measures that makes racing transparent – Common
Rating related scale of weights.
The rules of
racing at B.T.C specifies 50.0 kilos as the lowest minimum bottom weight and
60.0 kilos as the lowest minimum top weight in all handicap races. The ratings
of the horses are in numerical points where one point is equal to one half of a
kilo each and the horses are classified into five consecutive rating related
classes or groups with rating bands.
Weights in
all handicap races are allotted as per the weight ratings of the horses on a
constant scale of rating related class and weights in the weight range of
50.00 – 62.5 kilos in each class with multi point overlapping of weights of 2.5
kilos from the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 – 62.5
kilos overlapping with that of the bottom weights of 50.0 – 52.5 of the next
higher class in all the rating related classes and is adjusted by the
handicapper as is specified in the rules of racing.
As such the
weights of the lower class from the point of the specified lowest minimum top
weight of 60.0 – 62.5 kilos with multi points overlapping of weights of 2.5
kilos overlaps with that of the weights of the next higher class from the point
of the specified lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 – 52.5 kilos in all the
rating related classes or groups with rating bands.
Conversely,
the rating related weights of the higher class from the point of the specified
lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 – 52.5 kilos with multi points overlapping
of weights of 2.5 kilos overlaps with that of the weights of the next lower
class from the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0–62.5
kilos on a constant scale of rating related weights of 50.0  62.5 kilos in all
the rating related classes or rating bands in which the horses are classified.
And that
implies that the weight range in each class is 12.5 kilos in the rating related
scale of weights of 50.0  62.5 kilos with top up system of overlapping of
weights of 2.5 kilos and the equalizer of weights per class from one class to
another is 10.0 kilos and that the ratings and the related weights of the horses
are in sync with each other at all the points of the rating related weights in
the inflated scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos with minimum rating related
weights in all the rating related classes.
Therefore
the weights of horses goes down by 10.0 kilos when horses moves up with ratings
on promotion from a lower class to the next higher class and the weights of
horses goes up by 10.0 kilos when horses moves down with ratings on
demotion from the higher class to the next lower class in all the rating
related classes.
As such the
rating band of each of the five rating related classes will be moving up
progressively from the lowest rating related group or class of 025, 2045,
4065, 6085 and 80100 points and upwards at the point of lowest minimum top
weight 60.0 kilos and 80105 points and upwards at the point of the top weight
of 62.5 kilos of the highest rating related class or the rating band of the
five classes on a constant scale of rating related class and weights can be for
horses rated up to 25, 45, 65, 85 and for horses rated 80  100 and upwards.
And the continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes
will be from 0 at the point of the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos
of the lowest rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 100
points at the point of lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 105 points
at the top weight of 62.5 of the highest rating related group or class.
And
thereafter in the highest rating related class the ratings of the horses will
continue upwards progressively in the same rating related class from the point
of 62.5 kilos, if the ratings related weights of the horses so warrants and in
the lowest rating related class the ratings of horses will continue downwards
below the point of 50.0 kilos in the negative figures or in minus points if the
rating related weights of the horses so warrants.
Obviously,
the multi point overlapping system of weights effectively helps in compressing
the ratings of all horses on the ground and optimizing the weight range of each
class on a constant scale of rating related weights spread over number of
rating related classes or groups of rating bands in which the horses are
classified and that makes the movement of the horses with ratings in
consecutive classes both ways easy.
For
instance, if the horses are classified into five rating related groups or
classes and the ratings are in numerical points where one point is equal to
half of a kilo each in the constant scale of rating related weights of 12.5
kilos in each class in the rating related weight scale of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos
with single point overlapping of weights between one class to another then the
rating band of each of the five rating related groups or classes will be moving
progressively from the lowest rating related group or class of 025, 2550,
5075, 75100 and 100  125 and upwards and the entire rating related scale
will be 25x5=125 points of half of a kilo each or 12.5x5=62.5 kilos.
And the
continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will then
be from 0 at the point of the lowest bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest
rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 125 points at the
point of top weight of 62.5 kilos of the highest rating rated group or class
and thereafter the ratings will continue upwards in the highest rating related
group or class, if the ratings related weights of the horses, so warrants. And
with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos in each class from the point of the
lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 – 62.5 kilos in all the classes spread over
five classes the entire rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos
has been compressed effectively into10 x5=50.0+2.5 kilos or 20x5=100+5 points
of half a kilo each.
As such the
rules of racing specifies, that in all Handicap races the lowest weight to be
carried shall not be less than 50.0 kilos, excluding the allowance that which a
jockey may claim. However the handicaps may be framed down to weights below
50.0 kilos.
Also the
rules of racing further specifies that the lowest minimum top weight assigned
in all handicap races shall not be less than 60.0 kilos and though the
handicapper may handicap horses with higher weights than this minimum top
weight as per their ratings, the weights shall be raised to 60.0 kilos only at
the handicap stage if the rating related weight of the highest rated horse
entered in that race is less than that, in order to meet the criteria of lowest
minimum top weight.
And at the
acceptance stage in the event of the weight of the highest rated Acceptor horse
that accepts to run in a race is less than that of the specified lowest minimum
top weight of 60.0 kilos the weights shall once again be raised to the
specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and then the weights of other
horses be raised relatively.
It is so in
order to ensure that the highest rated horse entered in handicap race and also
the horse that accepts to run in a race is at least the lowest rated horse of
that rating related class and is allotted at least the lowest minimum top
weight specified in the rules of racing and then the weights of other horses
down the line are raised relatively.
As such
horses are assigned the weights as related to their individual ratings in all
handicap races on a constant scale of rating related weights at the handicap
stage even though such weights are higher than the lowest minimum top weight of
60.0 kilos as per their ratings as is specified in the rules of racing in all
the rating related classes.
And if the
weight of the highest rated horse as related to its own ratings on the scale is
less than that of the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos the same is
raised to the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and then the
weights of all other horses down the line are also raised relatively.
And at the
acceptance stage, if the weight of the top acceptor horse that accepts to run
in a race is less than the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos specified in
the rules of racing, the same is raised to 60.0 kilos and then the weights of
all other horses in that race are raised relatively.
It is so
because the rating related system of weights are synchronised to the lowest
minimum top weight and therefore the ratings of the horses and the weight
differences between the horses remains the same unchanged and only the weights
goes up in a rating related class if the weights are raised at any stage of
handicapping as is specified in the rules of racing.
Also if the
weights are lowered in a given rating related class at any stage of
handicapping without lowering the individual ratings of all horses equally in
sync with the weights allotted it only amounts to decoupling of the overlapping
weights in the lower class and handicapping the horses in the next higher class
by raising the rating related weights so as to meet the criteria of lowest
minimum top weight in the higher class though the given race has been framed in
the lower class wherein the weights are declared by lowering the rating related
weights.
For
instance, if the weights of horses weighted as per their ratings on the
constant scale of weights are lowered by 2.5 kilos in the lower class in which
the race is framed it implies that the weights are raised by 7.5 kilos in the
next higher class since the equalizer of weights per class is 10.0 kilos.
This in effect implies that the races are framed in the higher class
where the lower class horses are eligible to run.
Therefore
the rules of racing also specifies that there will be no lowering of weights in
all handicap races at any stage of handicapping unless specified otherwise in
the rules of racing or in the terms of conditions of the race and the weights
will only be raised to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight.
None the
less, in order to avoid variety of compulsions on the ground and also in an
effort to preempt and minimize the adverse effect of weights higher than the
specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos on all horses in the rating
related scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 with overlapping of weights of 2.5
kilos in all the classes or groups of rating bands, B.T.C. may decide to
decouple the multi point system of overlapping and lighten the burden of
weights with reversible overlapping system of weights of 2.5 kilos from 60.0
 62.5 kilos to demote the horses to lower class as an incentive to
higher class horses running in the lower class that in effect benefits the
lower class horses running in the same class by lowering their rating related
weights by up to 2.5 kilos in the lower class at the handicap and acceptance
stage in all the handicap races.
Then the
rules of racing at BTC may specify that the handicapper shall lower the rating
related weights of all horses entered for that race relatively without equally
dropping the ratings of the horses in sync with assigned weights at the
acceptance stage of the race, should the weight of the lowest weighted horse be
higher than the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos as per their ratings
and the weight of the top weighted horse is higher than the specified lowest
minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos corresponding to their individual ratings, to
the extent where the weight of the lowest weighted horse does not go below the
lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos, provided, however, that the minimum
top weight assigned shall always be 60.0 kilos as is specified in the rules of
racing.
And in case
there is a horse with lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of that class
as per their ratings, the weights will not be lowered.
However, in
order to lighten the burden of weights of highly rated horses and provide opportunities
to them, a few races are currently framed and still be continued in the highest
rating related class with explicit provisions in the terms and conditions of
the race, that the top weight assigned shall not exceed 62.5 kilos as also few
races are also sometimes framed for horses rated 85 and above or 90 and above.
By that blanket lowering of weights in all races are avoided.
Similarly,
in order to provide fair opportunities for the horses rated below 0 point, a
few races are framed for horses rated 25 and below or sometimes for horses
rated 20 and below in the lowest rating related class. But all such races in
the highest rated class and in the lowest rated class are few and far between
and are negligible in number for such races are meant only to cater to the
local needs.
Indeed,
there are many methods, but in a transparent system the answer to our needs are
“only the one” that lightens our task of spot calculations and also does proud
to the Handicapper in his endeavor who forever attempts to equalize the chances
of all horses in the field by making them to carry the weights as related to
their individual ratings on a constant scale in most of the races.
Therefore as
a measure of transparency the Ratings of all horses under training at the beginning
of every racing season are published in advance and the Ready Reckoner of
Rating Related Weights or the Table of Rating Related Weights published by the
handicapper indicates the likely weights to be carried by the horses in
relation to their individual ratings on the constant scale of rating related
class and weights in all handicap races before adjustment of the same by the
handicapper.
Thereafter
the revised ratings of the horses that ran in a race, the ratings of horses
that go out of station and return back, the ratings of horses that arrive from
out stations as also the ratings of all the newly rated horses that are
published soon after the races on every race day, will indicate the likely
weights to be carried by them on the constant scale of class and weights in
relation to their individual ratings in their next attempt.
The
individual ratings of all horses are indicated along with the weights allotted
at all the stages of handicapping and if the assigned weights of the horses in
any event, have been raised or lowered in relation to their ratings related
weights on the constant scale of rating related at the handicap stage or
acceptance stage or both, the same is systemically indicated under such events.
The same is
indicated in the Handicaps as weights raised or weights lowered at the handicap
stage and again in the Acceptances as weights raised or lowered at handicap
stage and the acceptance stage, if any, either separately or cumulatively that
indicates the total of the amount of weights raised or lowered at the handicap
stage plus the amount of weights raised or lowered at the acceptance stage if
any.
And the
final declarations as published in the race cards indicate the same as weights
raised or lowered at the handicap stage plus weights raised or lowered at the
acceptance stage separately but the individual ratings of the horses remain the
same, without any change, despite adjustment of assigned weights.
In other
words, if the amount of weights so raised is deducted from the assigned weights
of the horses or if the amount of weights so lowered is added to the assigned
weights of the horses, what will be derived is the actual weights of the horses
as related to their individual ratings on the scale of weights in that event.
And that is
the reason the individual ratings of the horses and the weight differentials
between the horses remains constant without a change and only the weights go up
in such races in a fixed rating related class band or class system where the
weights are raised at the handicap stage and again at the acceptance stage as
is specified in the rules of racing.
Similarly,
the individual ratings of the horses and the weight differentials between the
horses also remains constant without a change and only the weights go down in
such races where the weights are lowered at the handicap stage and at the
acceptance stage as is specified in the rules of racing.
Further the
complete result charts of all races that indicate the finishing position of all
the horses as per the placing declared by the judges, assigned weights and
actual weights carried by all horses, ratings and revised ratings of all
horses, beaten lengths between the horses until the last horse, beaten lengths
of every horse from the winner until the last horse, final time of the race
besides the finishing time of every horse at the winning post and the
difference in finishing time of every horse from the winning horse until the
last horse, and then the race day reports that indicate all those things that happen
during the races, the details about the deliberations of all the stewards and
their decisions are some of the other important information amongst many
published soon after the races, that keeps the professionals and the public
well informed.
However the
running position of all horses at the top of the stretch or at the final turn
to the winning post besides the fractional timings at every 200 meters of the
race are provided only by the race day publications but these are not official
at present though it can be so as and when facilities within BTC are available.
The Race
cards also indicate the name of the highest rated horse entered in a race along
with their own ratings and the assigned weight of that horse at the handicap
stage in that race and also indicate the name of the lowest rated horse entered
in that race along with their own ratings and the assigned weight of that horse
at the handicap stage in that race.
Also the
rules of racing specifies that the weights as related to the ratings of 30
points on the scale of weights where one point is equal to one half of a kilo
each will be the starting point for 2/3 year old colts and geldings on debut
and for fillies on debut it will be 27 points on the scale of weights and the
winning horses will be rated 45 and 42 or above at the bottom of class III.
The winning
horses in 2/3 old terms penalty races are generally penalized by 4.0 kilos
after the first win, 7.0 kilos after the second win and 9.0 kilos after the
third win. The starting ratings of un raced horses 2/3 year old on debut will
remain unchanged at 30 and 27 points of half of a kilo each.
And other
horses after running in two or three maiden terms races or as and when they are
allowed to run in the handicap races if they are not already rated they will be
rated and shall be allotted the weights as related to their ratings on the
scale of weights where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each on the
continuous rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 62.5 kilos with overlapping
of weights of 2.5 kilos from 60.0  62.5 kilos.
However this
may periodically be changed at the beginning of every new racing season and
hence one should confirm the same from the authorities at BTC or find out on
your own from the handicaps published over a period of time.
Further as a
transparent measure BTC has published its scale of weight differentials
indicating the weights the older horses must give to younger horses that which
equalizes the chances of horses of all ages to compete in races as equals in
Weight for Age Terms races for all distances and for every month of a calendar
year.
It clearly
establishes that the BTC believes in grooming the younger horses that grows in
maturity and potential ability naturally from the age of 2 year old horses
until they attain the age of 5 year olds horses and beyond it growth
potential if any it is exceptional. And that virtually lays down the age
related layers of rating related scale of weights for different age groups that
surges smoothly into a single rating related scale of weights for horses of all
ages in all handicap races.
Weight for age scale indicting the weights in
points of half of a kilo each that the
Older horses must concede to younger horses’ in Weight
for age terms races at BTC
For Distances of 1200 Metres and () Under
Age
Jan Feb
Mar April May
June July Aug
Sept Oct
Nov Dec
5yrs
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0  0
 0
4yrs
6
5
4
3
2
1 0
0
0
0 0
0
3yrs
24 22
20 18
16 14
12 11
10
9
8 7
For Distances over (+) 1200+ Metres and not more than
Distances of 1600
Age
Jan Feb
Mar April May
June July Aug
Sept Oct
Nov Dec
5yrs
0
0
0
0 0
0 0
0
0
0 0 
0
4yrs
7
6
5
4 3
2
1
1
0
0 0
0
3yrs
26 24
22 20
18 16 14
12 11
10 9
8
For Distances over (+)1600+ Metres and less than
()2400 Metres ()
Age
Jan Feb
Mar April May
June July Aug Sept
Oct Nov Dec
5yrs
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
4yrs
8
7
6
5
4 3
2 2
1
1
0 0
3yrs
28 26
24
22 20
18 16
14 12
11 10
9
For Distances of 2400 Metres and Over
Age
Jan Feb
Mar April May
June July Aug Sept
Oct Nov Dec
5yrs
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4yrs
9
8
7
6
5
4
3 3
2
2
1
1
3yrs
30 28
26 24
22 20
18 16
14 12
11 10
Fillies and mares will carry 1.5 kilos less  Foreign Horses wail carry 7.5
kilos more
The above figures are in points of half a kilo each – Divide by 2 to convert
them to kilos
Weights for foreign horses at all distances shall be as per rules of racing in
the scale of weights
Weight
differences between the weights is the crux of the weight scale and not the
exact weights
Courtesy: Spot the Winner with Success
Already BTC
rating related weights are followed as a common rating related scale of weights
for BTC, RCTC and Mysore Race club. Similarly Delhi Race Club follows the RWITC
rules and regulations. Never the less, a common rating related scale of
weights for all the race clubs is need of the hour and One can be sure that BTC
will take measures to get that done.
And until
all the race clubs opts for an official common scale of rating related weights,
you may assume one and in that if the horses are classified into five rating
related groups or classes in the scale of 47.0  62.5 kilos with overlapping of
weights of 5.5 kilos from the point of the weight of 57.0 – 62.5 kilos in all
the rating related classes and the ratings are in numerical points where one
point is equal to half of a kilo each, would help the professional and patrons
of all the racing centers in their spot calculations.
Then the rating
band of each of the five rating related classes will be moving progressively
from 0 point at the bottom weight of 47.0 kilos and 6 points at the specified
lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos in the lowest rating related class
of 0631, 202651, 404671, 60 6691 and 80 86106 and upwards at the
point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 80 86111
points and upwards at the top weight of 62.5 kilos of the highest rating
related class. Or it may even be classified as handicap races, for horses rated
up to 31 in class V, 51 in class IV, 71 in class III, 91 in class in class II
and 86 and upwards in class I.
And the
continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will start
from 0 at the point of the lowest weight of 47.0 kilos and will be 6 points at
the point of lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest rating
related group or class moving upwards progressively to 106 points at the point
of lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and 111 points at the top weight of
62.5 of the highest rating related group or class.
And
thereafter in the highest rating related class the ratings of the horses will
continue upwards progressively in the same rating related class from the point
of 62.5 kilos, if the ratings related weights of the horses so warrants and in
the lowest rating related class the ratings of horses will continue downwards
below the point of 47.0 kilos in the negative figures or in minus points if the
rating related weights of the horses so warrants.
And the
entire rating related scale of weights of 47.0 – 62.5 kilos with overlapping of
weights of 5.5 kilos in each class from the point of the weights of 57.5 – 62.5
kilos spread over five classes has been compressed effectively into10 x5=50
+5.5 kilos or 20x5=100 +11 points of half a kilo each.
So just add
6 points to the current BTC ratings to synchronize the ratings of all horses in
the common scale of rating related weights. And what you get will be the same
rating related weights unchanged in the scale of weights 57.0 – 62.5 with
overlapping of 5.5 kilos in all the rating related classes in the scale of
weights of 47.0 – 62.5 kilos.
Illustration
Evaluation of a 1600 M handicap race for mixed age
group of 3 years and above in January
Where the weight of 65.0 kilos is equal to ratings of
110 points of half of a kilo each
And the assumed weight of six year old is equal to
65.0 kilos
As per the scale of weight differentials for weight
for age distance and every calendar month of a year as per the rules of racing
of The Turf Authority of India
And that helps younger horses compete as equals and
move up
In the handicap scale of rating related scale of
weights for all Horses
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Horse

Rating

Weight
(kilos)

Rating of A () others
from the top weight
rating

Difference In Rating as in 4
And wt for
age and Dist. Rating Difference

Your Own Potential Rating of horses based on the
last race or previous best
Race

Comparative
Weight Rating
based on
previous best race
and today’s race

Rank
of horses
based on
wt in
col.7

A 6yrs

110
0

65.0
65.0

110110
110110

+ 0 110
+0
110

+11043+0+0
= 103

103
+5=108/110
108+0
=108/110
0
= 108/110

64.0/65.0
(4)

B
5yrs

105
3
102

62.5
1.5
63.5

110105
107102

+ 5 =110
+ 5 =107

+105+0+4+40
= 113

113
+5=118/110
113+
5=118/110
3
=115/107

69.0/65.0
(2)

C
4yrs

101
14
87

60.5
7.0
58.0

110101
96
87

+ 9 =110
+9
=96

+10143+14+0
=108

108
+9=117/110 108 +9=117/110
14
= 103/96

68.5/65.0
(3)

D
3yrs

99
34
65

59.5
17.0
48.0

110 99
76
65

+11 =110
+11 =76

+92+194+
2+0 =109

109+11=120/110
109+11=120/110
34
= 86/76

70.0/65.0
(1)

E
3yrs

93
34
59

56.5
17.0
48.0

11093
7659

+17=110
+17= 76

+88+14+0+0+0=85p

85p+17=102/110
85p+17=102/110
34
=68/76

61.0/65.0
(5)

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