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Posted By
: Bala S
bala_hi_2005@yahoo.com
16/05/2016

Weights in Handicap Races at BTC – from 2016 -17 Bangalore Summer Season

   
Synopsis: Lowest Minimum Top Weight – Lowest Minimum Bottom Weight – Weight Range of Each Class – Overlapping of Weights - Equalizer of Weights per class between Consecutive Classes – Promotion and Demotion of horses from one class to another - Weights as related to ratings on a Constant scale of Rating related class and Weights –Ready reckoner of rating related class and Weights - Weights Raised - Weights Lowered – Actual weights carried –Weight for age scale – Measures that makes racing transparent – Common Rating related  scale of weights.
 
The rules of racing at B.T.C specifies 50.0 kilos as the lowest minimum bottom weight and 60.0 kilos as the lowest minimum top weight in all handicap races. The ratings of the horses are in numerical points where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each and the horses are classified into five consecutive rating related classes or groups with rating bands.
 
Weights in all handicap races are allotted as per the ratings of the horses on a constant scale of rating related  class and weights in the weight range of 50.00 – 60.0 kilos in each class with 2.5 kilos multi point overlapping of weights from the point of the rating related weight of 57.5 – 60.0 kilos overlapping with that of the bottom weights of 50.0 – 52.5 of the next higher class in all the rating related classes with rating bands of 20 points of half of a kilo each and is adjusted by the handicapper on receipt of entries for a handicap race as is specified in the rules of racing.
 
As such with multi points overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos the weights of the lower class from the point of the rating related weight of 57.5 kilos to the point of specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos or 57.5 - 60.0 kilos overlaps with that of the weights of the next higher class from the point of the specified lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 – 52.5 kilos in all the rating related classes or groups with rating bands of 20 points of half of a kilo each.
 
Conversely, with multi points overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos the rating related weights of the higher class from the point of the specified lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 – 52.5 kilos overlaps with that of the weights of the next lower class from the point of 57.5 kilos to the point of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos or 57.5 – 60.0 kilos on a constant scale of rating related weights of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos in all the rating related classes with rating bands of 20 points of half of a kilo each  in which the horses are classified.
 
And that implies that the weight range in each class is 10.0 kilos in the rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos with multi point top up system of overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos below the point of lowest minimum top weight from 57.5-60.0 kilos in all rating related classes and the equalizer of weights per class from one class to another is 7.5 kilos and that the ratings and the related weights of the horses are in sync with each other at all the points of the rating related weights in the inflated scale of weights of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos indicating the minimum rating related weights as per the ratings of the horses at all points in all the rating related classes.
 
Therefore the equalizer of weights between consecutive classes from one class to another is 7.5 kilos and the weights of horses goes down by 7.5 kilos when horses moves up with ratings on promotion from a lower class to the next higher class and the weights of horses goes up by 7.5 kilos when horses moves down with ratings on demotion from the higher class to the next lower class in all the rating related classes justifying that the horses when penalised must carry more in  weights in same class and less in weights on promotion and more in weights on demotion in class.
 
As such the rating band of each of the five rating related classes will be moving up progressively from the lowest rating related group or class of 0-20, 15-35, 30-45, 45-65 and 60-80+ points and upwards at the point of lowest minimum top weight 60.0 kilos of the highest rating related class or the rating band of the five consecutive classes on a constant scale of rating related class and weights can then be for horses rated up to 20, 35, 50, 65 and for horses rated 60 - 80 and upwards.
And the continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will be from 0 at the point of the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 80 points at the point of lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos of the highest rating related group or class. And thereafter in the highest rating related class the ratings of the horses will continue upwards progressively in the same rating related class from the point of 60.0 kilos, if the ratings related weights of the horses so warrants and in the lowest rating related class the ratings of horses will continue downwards below the point of 50.0 kilos in the negative figures or in minus points if the rating related weights of horses so warrants.
 
Obviously, the multi point overlapping system of weights effectively helps in compressing the ratings of all horses on the ground while optimizing the weight range of each class on a constant scale of rating related weights spread over number of rating related classes or groups of rating bands in which the horses are classified and that makes the movement of the horses with ratings in consecutive classes both ways easy.
 
For instance, if the horses are classified into five rating related groups or classes and the ratings are in numerical points where one point is equal to half of a kilo each in the constant scale of rating related weights of 10.0 kilos in each class in the rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos with single point overlapping of weights between one class to another then the rating band of each of the five rating related groups or classes will be moving progressively from the lowest rating related group or class of 0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80 and 80-100 and upwards and the entire rating related scale will be 20x5=100 points of half of a kilo each or 10.0x5=50.0 kilos.
 
And the continuous ratings spread over five rating related groups or classes will then be from 0 at the point of the lowest bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of the lowest rating related group or class moving upwards progressively to 100 points at the point of top weight of 60.0 kilos of the highest rating rated group or class and thereafter the ratings will continue upwards in the highest rating related group or class, if the ratings related weights of the horses, so warrants.
 
And with multipoint overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos below the point of lowest minimum top weight from the rating related weight of 57.5 – 60.0 kilos of the lower class overlapping with that of the weight of 50.0 - 52.5 kilos of the next higher class in all the classes spread over five classes the entire rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos has been compressed effectively into7.5 x5=37.5+2.5=40.0 kilos or 15x5=75+5=80 points of half a kilo each.
 
As such the rules of racing specifies, that in all Handicap races the lowest weight to be carried shall not be less than 50.0 kilos, excluding the allowance that which a jockey may claim. However the handicaps may be framed down to weights below 50.0 kilos.
 
Also the rules of racing further specifies that the lowest minimum top weight assigned in all handicap races shall not be less than 60.0 kilos though the handicapper may handicap horses with higher weights than this minimum top weight as per their ratings if such horses are eligible to run in such races, the weights shall be raised to 60.0 kilos only at the handicap stage if the rating related weight of the highest rated horse entered in that race is less than that, in order to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight.
 
And at the acceptance stage in the event of the weight of the highest rated Acceptor horse that accepts to run in a race is less than that of the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos the weights shall once again be raised to the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos only and then the weights of other horses be raised relatively. It is so in order to ensure that the highest rated horse entered in handicap race and also the horse that accepts to run in a race is at least the lowest rated horse of that rating related class and is allotted at least the lowest minimum top weight specified in the rules of racing and then the weights of other horses down the line are raised relatively.
As such horses are assigned the weights as related to their individual ratings in all handicap races on a constant scale of rating related weights at the handicap stage even though such weights are higher than the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos as per their ratings as is specified in the rules of racing in all the rating related classes. And if the weight of the highest rated horse as related to its own ratings on the scale is less than that of the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos the same is raised to the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos and then the weights of all other horses down the line are also raised relatively.
 
And at the acceptance stage, if the weight of the top acceptor horse that accepts to run in a race is less than the lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos specified in the rules of racing, the same is raised to 60.0 kilos and then the weights of all other horses in that race are raised relatively. It is so because the rating related system of weights are synchronized to the lowest minimum top weight and therefore the ratings of the horses and the weight differences between the horses remains the same unchanged and only the weights goes up in a rating related class if the weights are raised at any stage of handicapping as is specified in the rules of racing.
 
Also if the weights are lowered in a given rating related class in such races at any stage of handicapping without lowering the individual ratings of all horses equally in sync with the weights allotted it only amounts to decoupling of the overlapping weights in the lower class and handicapping the horses in the next higher class by raising the rating related weights so as to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight in the higher class though the given race has been framed in the lower class wherein the weights are declared by lowering the rating related weights.
 
For instance, if the weights of horses weighted as per their ratings on the constant scale of weights are lowered by 2.5 kilos in the lower class in which the race is framed it implies that the weights are raised by 5.0 kilos in the next higher class since the equalizer of weights per class is 7.5 kilos.  This in effect implies that the races are framed in the higher class where the lower class horses are eligible to run.
 
Therefore the rules of racing also specifies that there will be no lowering of weights in all handicap races at any stage of handicapping unless specified otherwise in the rules of racing or in the terms of conditions of the race and the weights will only be raised  to meet the criteria of lowest minimum top weight.
 
None the less, in order to avoid variety of compulsions on the ground and also in an effort to preempt and minimize the adverse effect of weights higher than the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos on all horses in the rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 60.0 with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos in all the classes or groups of rating bands from 57.5 – 60.0 kilos, B.T.C. may decide to  decouple the multi point system of overlapping and lighten the burden of weights with reversible overlapping system of weights of 2.5 kilos from 50..0 -  52.5 kilos to demote the horses to lower class as an incentive to higher class horses running in the lower class that in effect benefits the lower class horses running in the same class by lowering their rating related weights by up to 2.5 kilos in the lower class at the handicap and acceptance stage in all the handicap races.
 
Then the rules of racing at BTC may specify that the handicapper shall lower the rating related weights of all horses entered for that race relatively without equally dropping the ratings of the horses in sync with assigned weights at the acceptance stage of the race, should the weight of the lowest weighted horse be higher than the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos as per their ratings and the weight of the top weighted horse is higher than the specified lowest minimum top weight of 60.0 kilos corresponding to their individual ratings, to the extent where the weight of the lowest weighted horse does not go below the lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos, provided, however, that the minimum top weight assigned shall always be 60.0 kilos as is specified in the rules of racing.
And in case there is a horse with lowest minimum bottom weight of 50.0 kilos of that class as per their ratings, the weights will not be lowered.
 
However, in order to lighten the burden of rating related weights of highly rated horses and provide opportunities to them, a few races are currently framed and still be continued in the highest rating related class with explicit provisions in the terms and conditions of the race, that the top weight assigned shall not exceed 62.5 kilos as also few races may be framed for horses rated 65 and above or 70 and above. By that blanket lowering of weights in all races are avoided.
 
Similarly, in order to provide fair opportunities for the horses rated below 0 point, a few races are framed sometimes for horses rated 15 and below in the lowest rating related class. But all such races in the highest rated class and in the lowest rated class are few and far between and are negligible in number for such races are meant only to cater to the local needs.
 
Indeed, there are many methods, but in a transparent system of handicapping the answer to our needs are “only the one” that lightens our task of spot calculations and also does proud to the Handicapper in his endeavor who forever attempts to equalize the chances of all horses in the field by making them to carry the weights as related to their individual ratings on a constant scale in most of the races.
 
Therefore as a measure of transparency the Ratings of all horses under training at the beginning of every racing season are published in advance both alphabetical wise and rating wise  along with age sex etc of the horses and the Ready Reckoner of Rating Related Weights or the Table of Rating Related Weights published by the handicapper indicates the likely weights to be carried by the horses in relation to their individual ratings on the constant scale of rating related class and weights in all handicap races before adjustment of the same by the handicapper.
 
Thereafter the revised ratings of the horses that ran in a race, the ratings of horses that go out of station and return back, the ratings of horses that arrive from out stations as also the ratings of all the newly rated horses that are published soon after the races on every race day, will indicate the likely weights to be carried by them on the constant scale of class and weights in relation to their individual ratings in their next attempt.
 
The individual ratings of all horses are indicated along with the weights allotted at all the stages of handicapping and if the assigned weights of the horses in any event, have been raised or lowered in relation to their ratings related weights on the constant scale of rating related weights at the handicap stage or acceptance stage or both, the same is systemically indicated under such events.
 
The same is indicated in the Handicaps as weights raised or weights lowered at the handicap stage and again in the Acceptances as weights raised or lowered at handicap stage and the acceptance stage, if any, either separately or cumulatively that indicates the total of the amount of weights raised or lowered at the handicap stage plus the amount of weights raised or lowered at the acceptance stage if any. And the final declarations as published in the race cards indicate the same as weights raised or lowered at the handicap stage plus weights raised or lowered at the acceptance stage separately but the individual ratings of the horses remain the same, without any change, despite adjustment of assigned weights.
 
In other words, if the amount of weights so raised is deducted from the assigned weights of the horses or if the amount of weights so lowered is added to the assigned weights of the horses, what will be derived is the actual weights of the horses as related to their individual ratings on the scale of weights in that event. And that is the reason the individual ratings of the horses and the weight differentials between the horses remains constant without a change and only the weights go up in such races in a fixed rating related class band or class system where the weights are raised at the handicap stage and again at the acceptance stage as is specified in the rules of racing.
Similarly, the individual ratings of the horses and the weight differentials between the horses also remains constant without a change and only the weights go down in such races where the weights are lowered at the handicap stage and at the acceptance stage as is specified in the rules of racing.
 
Further the complete result charts of all races that indicate the finishing position of all the horses as per the placing declared by the judges, assigned weights and actual weights carried by all horses, ratings and revised ratings of all horses, beaten lengths between the horses until the last horse, beaten lengths of every horse from the winner until the last horse, final time of the race besides the finishing time of  every horse at the winning post and the difference in finishing time of every horse from the winning horse until the last horse, and then the race day reports that indicate all those things that happen during the races, the details about the deliberations of all the stewards and their decisions are some of the other important information amongst many published soon after the races, that keeps the professionals and the public well informed.
 
However the running position of all horses at the top of the stretch or at the final turn to the winning post besides the fractional timings at every 200 meters of the race are provided only by the race day publications but these are not official at present though it can be so as and when facilities within BTC are available. The Race cards also indicate the name of the highest rated horse entered in a race along with their own ratings and the assigned weight of that horse at the handicap stage in that race and also indicate the name of the lowest rated horse entered in that race along with their own ratings and the assigned weight of that horse at the handicap stage in that race.
 
Also the rules of racing specifies that the weights as related to the ratings of 30 points on the scale of weights of 50.0 – 60 kilos where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each will be the starting point for 2/3 year old colts and geldings on debut in October November of a calendar years that turns three years in January next and for fillies it will be 27 points on the scale of weights and the winning horses will be rated 45 and 42 or above in class III. The winning 2/3 year old horses that turn 3 years old in January next are generally penalized in 2/3 old terms penalty races by 4.0 kilos after the first win, 7.0 kilos after the second win and 9.0 kilos after the third win.
 
The starting ratings of un raced horses 3/4 year old horses will remain revised at 28 and 25 points of half of a kilo each. And other horses after running in two or three maiden terms races or as and when they are allowed to run in the handicap races if they are not already rated they will be rated and shall be allotted the weights as related to their ratings on the scale of weights where one point is equal to one half of a kilo each on the continuous rating related scale of weights of 50.0 – 60.0 kilos with overlapping of weights of 2.5 kilos from 57.5 - 60.0 kilos overlapping with 50.0 52.5 kilos of the next higher class in all the classes. However this may periodically be changed at the beginning of every new racing season and hence one should confirm the same from the authorities at BTC or find out on your own from the handicaps published over a period of time.
 
Further as a transparent measure BTC has published its scale of weight differentials indicating the weights the older horses must give to younger horses that which equalizes the chances of horses of all ages to compete in races as equals in Weight for Age Terms races for all distances and for every month of a calendar year.
 
It clearly establishes that the BTC believes in grooming the younger horses that physically grows and gains maturity and potential ability naturally from the age of 2 years until they attain the age of 5 years and beyond it its growth potential if any is exceptional. And that virtually lays down the age related layers of rating related scale of weights for different age groups that surges smoothly into a single rating related scale of weights for horses of all ages in all handicap races. BTC scale of weight allowances that older horses concede to younger horses in Weight for age terms races and the Ready Recorner of rating related weights for handicap races see their web site.

Courtesy: Spot the Winner with Success